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Ubuntu配置记录-X:其他软件

Tiger Soldier posted @ 2008年3月17日 17:03 in linux with tags 安装 ubuntu fcitx 乱码 驱动 mplayer wine , 5044 阅读

由于3还没写完,所以不好再往下编,但是总有软件安装要记录的,所以先放这里吧……

星际译王:

安装包:stardict
牛津字典:stardict-oxford-gb
其他未被Ubuntu收录的词典下载地址:http://stardict.sourceforge.net/Dictionaries.php

安装驱动

sudo lrm-manager


安装驱动

代码:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install linux-restricted-modules-$(uname -r)
sudo apt-get install xorg-driver-fglrx fglrx-control
sudo apt-get install xserver-xgl
sudo depmod -a


配置驱动

sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg

在选择驱动时,选择fglrx。 或者用

sudo aticonfig --initial -f

以上方法只能两者择一。LCD显示器的推荐用第二种。 然后

sudo aticonfig --ovt=Xv

并且

sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

添加两段

Section "Extensions"
    Option "Composite" "Enable"
EndSection

Section "ServerFlags"
    Option "AIGLX" "off"
EndSection

注意,上面这一段非常重要 重启系统 确认是否正常运行

fglrxinfo

 

display: :0.0 screen: 0
OpenGL vendor string: ATI Technologies Inc.
OpenGL renderer string: RADEON 9600 Generic
OpenGL version string: 2.0.6011 (8.28.8)

 

安装Mplayer

sudo apt-get install mplayer-fonts mplayer mplayer-skins mozilla-mplayer

linux 下mplayer 中文字幕配置

 

 

修改 ~/.mplayer/config

# Write your default config options here!
# 视频输出以xv模式,启用视频加速
vo=xv
# 字幕字体文件
font = /usr/share/fonts/zh_CN/TrueType/hei.ttf
# 字幕编码 (使用TTF字体时使用)
subcp = cp936
# 0 不自动缩放; 1 按电影高度缩放; 2 按宽度; 3 按对角线
subfont-autoscale = 2
# 字幕字体大小
subfont-text-scale = 4
# 设置OSD元素的自动绽放系数
subfont-osd-scale = 6
font=/home/simsun.ttf
subcp=cp936
subfont-autoscale=1 #这是控制自动装载字幕的,2和0都是不自动
subfont-text-scale=7#字体大小

有时侯用命令行的没有字幕,可以试一试快捷键“v”,和 “b”
用GUI时,还要在GUI设置中指定相应字体,字体编码用Unicode,字幕编码用GB2312,或者修改~/.mplayer/gui.conf:

sub_auto_load = "yes"
sub_cp = "cp936"
font_name = "/usr/share/fonts/wenquanyi/wqy-zenhei/wqy-zenhei.ttf"
font_encoding = "unicode"


解决无法从nautilus中打开文件的问题:
编辑 /usr/share/applications/mplayer.desktop
找到这句

Exec=gmplayer %U

修改成

Exec=gmplayer %f

或者将%U去掉
保存退出

解决gFTP乱码


修改/usr/bin/gftp:

sudo gedit /usr/bin/gftp

在#!/bin/sh之后另起一行,加上

export LANG=zh_CN

保存
执行:

sudo locale-gen zh_CN

 

fcitx

SCIM不好用,改fcitx, 安装:

sudo apt-get install im-switch fcitx
sudo im-switch -s fcitx -z default
im-switch -s fcitx -z default #注意:不加sudo

完成设置最好重启一下X,输入法就生效了

某些情况下可能,在安装了fcitx输入法以後可能会出现和SCIM并存的问题,解决方法如下:

sudo gedit /usr/lib/gtk-2.0/2.10.0/immodule-files.d/scim-gtk2-immodule.immodules

将内容改为如下:

# automatically generated by dh_gtkmodules, do not edit
“/usr/lib/gtk-2.0/2.10.0/immodules/im-scim.so”
“scim” “SCIM Input Method” “scim” “/usr/share/locale” “ja:ko”

#就是将最後一行中的"ja:ko:zh"修改为"ja:ko",这样修改以後,scim在中文环境下将不被启动

修改配置,配置文件为:~/.fcitx/config
gedit ~/.fcitx/config

修改热键,变成和极点一样用右Shift切换中英文状态:
中英文快速切换键=R_SHIFT
第二三候选词选择键=L_CTRL#原本为SHIFT,为了避免和R_SHIFT冲突而改
主窗口隐藏模式=1#输入法关闭时隐藏输入条
是否自动隐藏输入条=1#没有输入时隐藏候选窗口
首次显示输入条=0


保存后在输入法开启时按Ctrl F5即可生效
如此一来就很好用了

修改Locale

1.编辑/var/lib/locales/supported.d/*
格式参考 /usr/share/i18n/SUPPORTED
sudo gedit /var/lib/locales/supported.d/local
sudo gedit /var/lib/locales/supported.d/zh

如:
zh_CN.UTF-8 UTF-8
en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
zh_CN.GBK GBK

2.生成locale(自动保存在/usr/lib/locale/中)
sudo locale-gen

3.修改locale
vi /etc/environment

LANG="zh_CN.UTF-8"
改成
LANG="zh_CN.GBK"

4.重新启动或切换下运行级别,查看locale
root@1006:~# locale

5.登陆界面的选项里
默认语言也要相应改选成 zh_CN.GBK,这样ubuntu就完全被中文化了。

locale-gen zh_CN.GBK也可生成

fcitx的配置中也要把编码改成GBK(由于fcitx不支持GB18030,所以只有用GBK了)...

在Nautilus中添加右键启动终端功能

cp /usr/bin/gnome-terminal ~/.gnome2/nautilus-scripts/
 

 解决WINE的乱码问题

建立文件wine.reg,输入以下内容:

REGEDIT4

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\FontSubstitutes]
"Arial"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Arial CE,238"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Arial CYR,204"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Arial Greek,161"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Arial TUR,162"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Courier New"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Courier New CE,238"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Courier New CYR,204"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Courier New Greek,161"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Courier New TUR,162"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"FixedSys"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Helv"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Helvetica"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"MS Sans Serif"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"MS Shell Dlg"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"MS Shell Dlg 2"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"System"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Tahoma"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Times"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Times New Roman CE,238"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Times New Roman CYR,204"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Times New Roman Greek,161"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Times New Roman TUR,162"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"
"Tms Rmn"="WenQuanYi Zhenhei"

然后执行如下命令:

wine regedit wine.reg
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